The first official recording of a laparoscopic operation was made in 1985, revolutionizing classical surgery. Since then, the advancement of technology and the growing surgical experience have helped make laparoscopic surgery an integral part of everyday practice. All surgical conditions, acute, chronic, benign or malignant, can now be treated laparoscopically.
Smaller incisions in the skin and denervation, fewer mobilizations and tissue preparations, more targeted organ excisions, are part of laparoscopy. As a result of minor injuries and traumatic surfaces, the need for blood transfusions is minimized. Also, the production of stress hormones by the body during surgery is limited and this leads to:
- less postoperative pain
- limited analgesics
- immediate return of bowel movements
- faster patient feeding
The treatment time is reduced, recovery is faster and the patient can return to normal activity and work faster.
By weighing these benefits, laparoscopic surgery has become the “golden rule” for treating all surgical conditions.
Today’s applications of laparoscopic surgery have expanded – with the advancement of technology – to almost all interventions in the field of General Surgery, including the most specialized surgeries. Specifically, the following are performed:
- Laparoscopic appendicectomy
- Laparoscopic treatment of hernia (inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia, abdominal hernia, etc.)
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and bile duct investigation
- Laparoscopic colectomy both for the treatment of benign diseases of the large intestine (diverticulitis, polyps, ulcerative colitis, etc.), as well as for colon cancer
- Laparoscopic treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, septal hernia and esophageal achalasia
- Laparoscopic treatment of diseases of the stomach and duodenum
- Laparoscopic liver surgery
- Laparoscopic adrenal insufficiency
- Laparoscopic splenectomy
- Diagnostic laparoscopy of the acute abdomen and the investigation of abdominal pain